Inobitec DICOM Viewer

2.23. Calcium Scoring


Functionality is available in the Pro edition

The DICOM Viewer allows you to measure calcium in the coronary arteries using the Calcium scoring tool. The conditions on which the tool is available are listed below:

  • the series modality is CT;

  • the series contains information on the slices thickness;

  • slices must be shown in the axial projection (see Section 2.12).

If a series does not meet these requirements, the Calcium scoring tool will not be available.

The tool selection button will look different depending on the tool that was used last:

To switch between these tools click the arrow on the right side of the tool selection button and select the desired tool.

2.23.1 Selection of measurement areas


Functionality is available in the Pro edition

To measure calcium:

  1. Open a CT series suitable for activation of the calcium measurement tool (see Section 2.23). Change the series view projection to axial if necessary (see Section 2.12).

  2. Select the image to measure.

  3. Activate the PIC Calcium scoring (ellipse) tool or PIC Calcium scoring (polygon). These tools are similar to ROI ellipse and ROI polygon (see Section 2.18.6). If the study does not contain information about the age and/or gender of the patient, the dialog shown in Fig. 2.76 appears. Enter missing information and click OK to continue or CANCEL to cancel the measurement. After clicking OK, this dialog no longer appears until the Flat image viewer window is closed. To change the gender and/or age of the patient, close the Flat Images View window and return to step 1.

  4. When the calcium scoring tool is active, a window shown in Fig. 2.77 is displayed on the screen. Move the window if necessary. To do this, move the cursor over the window title (highlighted in red in the figure) and move it, holding the left mouse button. In the upper part of the window there are vessel selection buttons:

    • LM — Left main coronary artery

    • LAD — Left anterior descending coronary artery

    • LCX — Left circumflex coronary artery

    • RCA — Right coronary artery

    Select the artery for measurement by clicking the corresponding button. The choice of an artery does not affect the measurement result.

  5. Build an ellipse or a polygon around the affected area. For details on how to build one, see Section 2.18.6 (the ROI ellipse and ROI polygon tools). A block with the following data is displayed near the measurement:

    • The name of the artery (corresponds to the button pressed while building);

    • Area of calcified lesion. If the measurement area contains several lesions then their total area is displayed;

    • Agatston score;

    • Volume score.

To deactivate the tool click the tool selection button PIC Calcium scoring (ellipse) tool or PIC Calcium scoring (polygon) or close the Calcium scoring window. All the changes made are saved until the Flat images view window is closed.

2.23.2 Actions with measurement areas


Functionality is available in the Pro edition

For details on how to move measurement areas, see Section 2.18.10, for how to move measurement results, see Section 2.18.11.

To edit the drawing parameters:

  1. Activale the calcium scoring tool.

  2. Locate the cursor on the measurement or the mesurement results to highlight them.

  3. Right-click the mouse and select the Tool options... item from the context menu.

  4. In the dialog box that appears, enter the measurement name.

  5. Set the color by clicking on the color box.

  6. Set the line thickness and the font size.

  7. To connect the block with the measurement results with a dotted line, the Footnote line box must be checked.

  8. To display the block with the measurement results, the Show labels box must be checked.

  9. To use these parameters by default, check the box Set as default.

  10. To apply the settings, click OK. To cancel, click CANCEL.

2.23.3 Measurement results


Functionality is available in the Pro edition

The measurement results are displayed in the window shown in Fig. 2.77:

  1. For each vessel separately and in total:

    • total lesion area (for all lesions);

    • lesion numder (N);

    • Agatston score (AS);

    • Volume score (VS).

  2. Patient gender

  3. Age group

  4. Percentile

Formula for Agatston index scoring:

     (  n      )
       ∑         Tslice
Ics =       SiFi   3.00

Ics — Agatston index, n — lesion number, Si — i-lesion area, Fi — i-lesion density factor, Tslice — slice thickness. The Fi value is determined by the maximum pixel density in the lesion area:

Formula for calcium scoring:

      (  n   )
Vcs =      Si  Tslice

V cs — Agatston index, n — lesion number, Si — i-lesion area, Tslice — slice thickness.

Electron beam tomographic coronary artery calcium score percentiles for men and Women within each age strata

The measurement results are exported in the html format and can be inserted into text editors that support the html markup, for example, LibreOffice Writer or Microsoft Word. To do this click the EXPORT TO CLIPBOARD button, create a document in a text editor and paste the copied information into it.