In this window, you can set up the connections with the applications which can exchange data with the DICOM Viewer, using the DICOM protocol. In this case, the DICOM Viewer can take on the role of a PACS server and the other applications will be clients, and vice versa. Since most of the applications with which a connection can be established can take on the role of a PACS server, the connections with them are set up in this window, regardless of whether they will be servers or clients in relation to the DICOM Viewer.
To open the window to connect to PACS servers, select the Network menu and the Server list item or press Ctrl+S. The dialog box shown in Fig. 12.7 will pop up.
The DICOM Viewer allows you to download several series from the PACS server at the same time, making several parallel connections to the PACS Server. However, not all PACS Servers support a large number of simultaneous connections, and this leads to errors when downloading data. Setting the maximum number of connections is described in 15.5.4. This setting applies to all PACS Servers.
To add a new PACS server:
Click the button.
Enter the server name in the Server nickname field.
Enter a comment in the Server description field. This field may be left blank.
Select DICOM from the Server type dropdown menu.
Select the target mode from the Server mode dropdown menu.
Select the server character set from the Character set dropdown menu.
In the Client name (SCU) field, enter the value specified in Section 12.1.1 in the AE Title field.
In the Service name (SCP) field, enter the name of the server that the PACS server is installed on.
In the Server host name or IP field, enter the server name or IP address.
In the Server port field, enter the server port to accept connections by the DICOM protocol.
To establish a secure connection, check the Use secure mode (TLS) box. For details see Section 12.2.2.
To save the information without closing the window, click OK.
To save the information and close the window, click Save.
To close the window without saving the changes, click Cancel.
The required information can be obtained from your system administrator. Other PACS servers are added in a similar way.
If you have several servers on your list, you can assign a server that will be active by default when starting the DICOM Viewer. To do this, check the Default server box in the server connection settings.
If another default server is already assigned, its box will be unchecked when you assign a new server.
If this server is also a client in relation to the DICOM Viewer, it is necessary to allow it to exchange data. To do this, check the box Allow C-FIND and C-MOVE. Configure the client application in accordance with the User Manual of this application. The connection configuration of two "Inobitec DICOM Viewer" applications is described in section 12.2.4.
To make the server available to all the users, you need to check the Shared server (multi-user support) box for this server. To do that, you need to run the DICOM Vieweras an administrator. Otherwise the box will be inactive. The users that do not have the administrator privileges cannot change the public server settings or delete it.
To delete a server from the list, click the button. Attention! After you click this button, the deletion cannot be undone.
If you launch the DICOM Viewer 2.4 or an inferior version of the program on your PC, all the TLS parameters will be reset.
By default, the AE Title of the secure connection via the TLS protocol is the same as the AE Title of the non-secure connection. Hence, it is recommended to change the name in the settings window. The secure TLS connection service and the non-secure connection may be used simultaneously by different ports.
To enable the secure connection mode, check the Use secure mode (TLS) box in the server parameters dialog box (see Figure 12.7). By doing this, you will activate the TLS Settings button for secure mode setup.
The TLS Settings dialog box is shown in Figure 12.8.
To add a trusted peer certificate, click Choose. In the dialog box that pops up, choose the trusted (root) PACS Server certificate file. The trusted (root) PACS Server certificate file must have (pem), (crt), or (cer) extension.
In our example, the root certificate file "root_Example.crt" is being added.
To enable verification of the trusted (root) certificate at the time of establishing a connection with the PACS Server, check the Verify peer certificate box. In this case, when a connection is being established, the client’s authentication is performed. For successful authentication, the PACS Server certificate has to be signed by a trusted certificate.
The program automatically checks the presence of a valid certificate in the file. If the file is damaged or does not contain a certificate, a message will pop up.
If you have chosen the file containing the valid certificate, you will see the following information in the Trusted peer certificate box: <Certificate name>,<Company name>, <Country abbreviation>.
If the peer certificate verification mode has been enabled on the PACS Server, the client’s authentication must be performed to establish a connection. Check the Authentication of the client box and click Choose.
In the Certificate and private key dialog box (Figure 12.9), the paths to the public key certificate file and the private key file are provided.
To provide the paths to the public key certificate file and the private key file, click Browse. In the box that pops up, choose the files you need. The public key certificate file must have (pem), (crt), or (cer) extension. The private key file must have (key) extension.
In our example shown in Figure 12.9, we have added the paths to the client’s private key file "INOBITEC.key" and the public key certificate file "INOBITEC.crt".
In the lower part of the Certificate and private key dialog box, you see the verification status of the public key certificate and the private key. Here are the possible variants of the verification status:
No certificate — the path to the public key certificate file has not been provided.
No private key — the path to the private key file has not been provided.
Incorrect certificate — the path provided is invalid / the file for which the path has been provided does not exist / the file for which the path has been provided is damaged or does not contain a valid public key certificate.
Incorrect private key — the path provided is invalid / the file for which the path has been provided does not exist / the file for which the path has been provided is damaged.
Data in the following format: <Certificate name>, <Company name>,
<Country abbreviation> — the public key certificate and the private key provided is valid.
Attention! You cannot check the compatibility of the public key certificate file with the private key in the Certificate and private key dialog box.
The OK button will be activated after you provide the valid paths to the public key certificate file and the private key file. Click OK to apply the settings or Cancel to cancel.
To check if the server is available, click the button in the PACS server connection window. If the server is available, the system will return the following message: Server network status: Online.
Otherwise the following message will be returned: Server network status: Offline.The error details will be displayed below.
Server is unavailable.
Connection request failed.
Failed to establish association
0006:0317 Peer aborted Association (or never connected)
0006:031c TCP Initialization Error: No error
If a message similar to the one shown below appears, it, most likely, means that the Server host name or IP or Server port fields are filled in incorrectly, or the target PACS server is not running.
Let‘s assume that DICOM Viewer #1 takes on the role of a PACS-server and DICOM Viewer #2 takes on the role of a client.
Parameters of DICOM Viewer #1:
AE Title: VIEWER-SERVER;
Parameters of the DICOM Viewer #2:
AE Title: VIEWER-CLIENT;
To configure the server:
Enable and set up the DICOM service (section 12.1.1), set AE Title as VIEWER-SERVER, set Port as 3001.
Add a client in the Set Up PACS Server Connection window (section 12.2.1). Set the following parameters for the fields:
for field Server type — DICOM;
for field Server mode — C-MOVE;
for field Client name (SCU) — VIEWER-SERVER;
for field Service name (SCP) — VIEWER-CLIENT;
for field Server host name or IP — 192.168.1.102;
for field Server port — 3002;
check the box Allow C-FIND and C-MOVE.
Now, DICOM Viewer #1 is ready to accept incoming connections from the client with the AE Title = VIEWER-CLIENT, IP = 192.168.1.102 and port=3002.
To set up a client:
Add the server in the Set Up PACS Server Connection window(section 12.2.1). Set the following parameters for the fields:
for field Server type — DICOM;
for field Server mode — C-MOVE;
for field Client name (SCU) — VIEWER-CLIENT;
for field Service name (SCP) — VIEWER-SERVER;
for field Server host name or IP — 192.168.1.101;
for field Server port — 3001;
Now DICOM Viewer #2 is ready to connect to the server with AE Title = VIEWER-SERVER, IP = 192.168.0.101 and port=3001.
If you enable and set up the DICOM-service and check the box Allow C-FIND and C-MOVE for the VIEWER-SERVER server in the DICOM Viewer #2 settings, then DICOM Viewer #2 will be able to take on the role of a server and DICOM Viewer #1 will be able to take on the role of a client. Thus, the DICOM Viewer can take on the role of a client and a server simultaneously.